SPEC CPU2017 Platform Settings for ASUSTek Systems

Operating System Tuning Parameters

A percentage value. When this percentage of total system memory is modified, the system begins writing the modifications to disk with the pdflush operation. The default value is 20 percent. To tell the kernel to free local node memory rather than grabbing free memory from remote nodes, use a command like "echo 1 > /proc/sys/vm/zone_reclaim_mode". This can be set through a command "echo 8 > /proc/sys/vm/dirty_ratio" or "sysctl -w vm.dirty_ratio=8".
This control is used to define how aggressively the kernel swaps out anonymous memory relative to pagecache and other caches. Increasing the value increases the amount of swapping. The default value is 60. A value of 1 tells the kernel to only swap processes to disk if absolutely necessary. This can be set through a command like "echo 1 > /proc/sys/vm/swappiness" or "sysctl -w vm.swappiness=1".
zone reclaim mode:
This parameter controls whether memory reclaim is performed on a local NUMA node even if there is plenty of memory free on other nodes. This parameter is automatically turned on on machines with more pronounced NUMA characteristics. To tell the kernel to free local node memory rather than grabbing free memory from remote nodes, use a command like "echo 1 > /proc/sys/vm/zone_reclaim_mode" or "sysctl -w vm.zone_reclaim_mode=1".
ulimit -s <n>:
Sets the stack size to n kbytes, or unlimited to allow the stack size to grow without limit.
Writing to this will cause the kernel to drop clean caches, as well as reclaimable slab objects like dentries and inodes. Once dropped, their memory becomes free.
The OS 'cpupower' utility is used to change CPU power governors settings. Available settings are:
kernel.randomize_va_space (ASLR)
This setting can be used to select the type of process address space randomization. Defaults differ based on whether the architecture supports ASLR, whether the kernel was built with the CONFIG_COMPAT_BRK option or not, or the kernel boot options used.
Possible settings: Disabling ASLR can make process execution more deterministic and runtimes more consistent. For more information see the randomize_va_space entry in the Linux sysctl documentation. To disable ASLR, use a command like "echo 0 > /proc/sys/kernel/randomize_va_space" or "sysctl -w kernel.randomize_va_space=0".
Transparent Hugepages (THP)
THP is an abstraction layer that automates most aspects of creating, managing, and using huge pages. It is designed to hide much of the complexity in using huge pages from system administrators and developers. Huge pages increase the memory page size from 4 kilobytes to 2 megabytes. This provides significant performance advantages on systems with highly contended resources and large memory workloads. If memory utilization is too high or memory is badly fragmented which prevents hugepages being allocated, the kernel will assign smaller 4k pages instead. Most recent Linux OS releases have THP enabled by default.
THP usage is controlled by the sysfs setting /sys/kernel/mm/transparent_hugepage/enabled. Possible values: THP creation is controlled by the sysfs setting /sys/kernel/mm/transparent_hugepage/defrag. Possible values: An application that "always" requests THP often can benefit from waiting for an allocation until those huge pages can be assembled.
For more information see the Linux transparent hugepage documentation.

Firmware / BIOS / Microcode Settings

Determinism Control:
This BIOS option allows user can set customized determinism slider mode to control performance.
Determinism Enable:
This BIOS option allows for AGESA determinism to control performance.
TDP Control:
This BIOS option is for "Configurable TDP (cTDP)", it allows user can set customized value for TDP. Available settings are:
TDP is an acronym for "Thermal Design Power." TDP is the recommended target for power used when designing the cooling capacity for a server. EPYC processors are able to control this target power consumption within certain limits. This capability is referred to as "configurable TDP" or "cTDP." TDP can be used to reduce power consumption for greater efficiency, or in some cases, increase power consumption above the default value to provide additional performance. TDP is controlled using a BIOS option.

The default EPYC TDP value corresponds with the microprocessor's nominal TDP. The default TDP value is set at a good balance between performance and energy efficiency. The EPYC 9654 TDP can be reduced as low as 320W, which will minimize the power consumption for the processor under load, but at the expense of peak performance. Increasing the EPYC 9654 TDP to 400W will maximize peak performance by allowing the CPU to maintain higher dynamic clock speeds, but will make the microprocessor less energy efficient. Note that at maximum TDP, the CPU thermal solution must be capable of dissipating at least 400W or the EPYC 9654 processor might engage in thermal throttling under load.

The available TDP ranges for each EPYC model are in the table below:
ModelMinimum TDPMaximum TDP
EPYC 9654320400
EPYC 9654P320400
EPYC 9634240300
EPYC 9554320400
EPYC 9554P320400
EPYC 9534240300
EPYC 9474F320400
EPYC 9454240300
EPYC 9454P240300
EPYC 9374F320400
EPYC 9354240300
EPYC 9354P240300
EPYC 9334200240
EPYC 9274F320400
EPYC 9254200240
EPYC 9224200240
EPYC 9174F320400
EPYC 9124200240
* TDP must remain below the thermal solution design parameters or thermal throttling could be frequently encountered.
SVM Mode:
This is CPU virtualization function. With SVM enabled you'll be able to install a virtual machine on your system. Values for this BIOS option can be: Enabled/Disabled. Current default is Enabled.
SR-IOV Support:
In virtualization, single root input/output virtualization or SR-IOV is a specification that allows the isolation of the PCI Express resources for manageability and performance reasons. A single physical PCI Express can be shared on a virtual environment using the SR-IOV specification. If system has SR-IOV capable PCIe Devices, this option Enables or Disables Single Root IO Virtualization Support. Values for this BIOS option can be: Enabled/Disabled. Current default is Enabled.
DRAM Scrub time:
DRAM scrubbing is a mechanism for the memory controller to periodically read all memory locations and write back corrected data. The time interval for scrubbing the entire memory can be: Disabled/1 hour/4 hours/8 hours/16 hours/24 hours/48 hours/Auto. Current default is Auto(AGESA default value).
NUMA nodes per socket:
Specifies the number of desired NUMA nodes per populated socket in the system: Current default is Auto.
Application Power Management (APM) allows the processor to provide maximum performance while remaining within the specified power delivery and removal envelope. APM dynamically monitors processor activity and generates an approximation of power consumption. If power consumption exceeds a defined power limit, a P-state limit is applied by APM hardware to reduce power consumption. APM ensures that average power consumption over a thermally significant time period remains at or below the defined power limit. Set APBDIS=1 will disable Data Fabric APM and the SOC P-state will be fixed. Available settings are:
To minimize variance or trade-off memory latency versus bandwidth, algorithm performance boost (APBDIS) can be set and specific hard-fused Data Fabric (SoC) P-states forced for optimized workloads sensitive to latency or throughput. Available settings are:
ACPI SRAT L3 Cache as NUMA Domain:
Each L3 Cache will be exposed as a NUMA node when enabling ACPI SRAT L3 Cache as a NUMA node. On a dual processor system, with up to 8 L3 Caches per processor, this setting will expose 16 NUMA domains. Available settings are:
PPT Control:
This BIOS option allows user can set customized value for processor package power limit(PPT). Available settings are:
DLWM Support:
Dynamic Link Width Management(DLWM) reduces xGMI lane width from x16 to x8 or x2 if xGMI links have limited traffic. DLWM feature is optimized to trade power between CPU core intensive workloads and I/O bandwidth intensiveworkloads. When link activity is above a threshold, DLWM will increase lane width from x8 to x16 at the cost of some delay, because the I/O die must disconnect the links, retrain them at the new speed and release the system back to functionality. Values for this BIOS option can be: Auto/Enabled/Disabled. Current default is Auto.(Use AGESA default value. Current is Enabled.)
Engine Boost:
ASUS individual feature with the power acceleration design to increase CPU over-all performance. Available settings are: Disabled(default), Normal, and Aggressive. Aggressive mode means it could improve CPU performance more aggressively than Normal mode, but comes with more power consumption and higher CPU temperature.
Set customize processor Package Power Limit (PPT) value to be used on all populated processors in the system. Current default value is 0 = Use the fused PPT value. ***PPT will be used as the ASIC power limit***
The Input-Output Memory Management Unit(IOMMU) provides several benefits and is required when using x2APIC. Enabling the IOMMU allows devices (such as the EPYC integrated SATA controller) to present separate IRQs for each attached device instead of one IRQ for the subsystem. The IOMMU also allows operating systems to provide additional protection for DMA capable I/O devices. Values for this BIOS option can be: Auto/Enabled/Disabled. Current default is Auto.(Use AGESA default value. Current is Enabled.)
Memory Interleaving:
Memory interleaving is a technique that CPUs use to increase the memory bandwidth available for an application. Without interleaving, consecutive memory blocks, often cache lines, are read from the same memory bank. Because of this, software that reads consecutive memory must wait for a memory transfer to complete before starting the next memory access, reducing throughput and increasing latency. By enabling memory interleaving, consecutive memory blocks are in different banks and can all contribute to the overall memory bandwidth, thus increasing throughput and lowering latency. Values for this BIOS option can be: Auto/Disabled. Current default is Auto.(Use AGESA default value. Current is Enabled.)
Fan mode:
To Select system Fan policy on BMC WebUI. Available settings are: