SPEC CPU2017 Platform Settings for GIGA-BYTE

Operating System Tuning Parameters

kernel.randomize_va_space (ASLR)
This setting can be used to select the type of process address space randomization. Defaults differ based on whether the architecture supports ASLR, whether the kernel was built with the CONFIG_COMPAT_BRK option or not, or the kernel boot options used.
Possible settings: Disabling ASLR can make process execution more deterministic and runtimes more consistent. For more information see the randomize_va_space entry in the Linux sysctl documentation.
Writing to this will cause the kernel to drop clean caches, as well as reclaimable slab objects like dentries and inodes. Once dropped, their memory becomes free. To free pagecache: echo 1 > /proc/sys/vm/drop_caches To free reclaimable slab objects (includes dentries and inodes): echo 2 > /proc/sys/vm/drop_caches To free slab objects and pagecache: echo 3 > /proc/sys/vm/drop_caches
Transparent Hugepages (THP)
THP is an abstraction layer that automates most aspects of creating, managing, and using huge pages. It is designed to hide much of the complexity in using huge pages from system administrators and developers. Huge pages increase the memory page size from 4 kilobytes to 2 megabytes. This provides significant performance advantages on systems with highly contended resources and large memory workloads. If memory utilization is too high or memory is badly fragmented which prevents hugepages being allocated, the kernel will assign smaller 4k pages instead. Most recent Linux OS releases have THP enabled by default.
THP usage is controlled by the sysfs setting /sys/kernel/mm/transparent_hugepage/enabled. Possible values: THP creation is controlled by the sysfs setting /sys/kernel/mm/transparent_hugepage/defrag. Possible values: An application that "always" requests THP often can benefit from waiting for an allocation until those huge pages can be assembled.
For more information see the Linux transparent hugepage documentation.

Firmware / BIOS / Microcode Settings

SEV Control: (Default = Enable)
Used to disable or enable SEV (Secure Encrypted Virtualization).
Used to disable or enable TSME (Transparent Secure Memory Encryption).
TDP Control:(Default = 320)
Configures the maximum power that the CPU will consume, up to the platform power limit (PPT). Valid values vary by CPU model. If value outside the valid range is set, the CPU will automatically adjust the value so that it does fall within the valid range. When increasing TDP, additional power will only be consumed up to the Package Power Limit (PPT), which may be less than the TDP setting.
ModelMinimum TDPMaximum TDP
EPYC 9654320400
EPYC 9654320400
EPYC 9654P320400
EPYC 9554320400
EPYC 9554P320400
EPYC 9534240300
EPYC 9474F320400
EPYC 9374F320400
EPYC 9354240300
EPYC 9354P240300
EPYC 9334200240
EPYC 9224200240
EPYC 9174F320400
EPYC 9124200240
Specifies the maximum power that each CPU package may consume in the system. The actual power limit is the maximum of the Package Power Limit and TDP.
PPT Control:(Default = 320)
Specifies the maximum power that each CPU package may consume in the system. The actual power limit is the maximum of the Package Power Limit and TDP.
Specifies the maximum power that each CPU package may consume in the system. The actual power limit is the maximum of the Package Power Limit and TDP.
NUMA nodes per socket:(Default = NPS4)
Specifies the number of desired NUMA nodes per populated socket in the system:
SMT Mode: (Default = Enabled)
Can be used to disable symmetric multithreading. To re-enable SMT, a POWER CYCLE is needed after selecting the 'Auto' option. WARNING - S3 is NOT SUPPORTED on systems where SMT is disabled.
IOMMU: (Default = Enabled)
Enable: Enables the I/O Memory Management Unit (IOMMU), which extends the AMD64 system architecture by adding support for address translation and system memory access protection on DMA transfers from peripheral devices.
4-link xGMI max speed:(Default = Auto)
xGMI (Global Memory Interface) is the Socket SP3 processor socket-to-socket interconnection topology comprised of four x16 links. Each x16 link is comprised of 16 lanes. Each lane is comprised of two unidirectional differential signals. Since xGMI is the interconnection between processor sockets, these xGMI settings are not applicable for 1S platforms. NUMA-unaware workloads may need maximum xGMI bandwidth/speed while other compute efficient platforms may need to minimize xGMI power. The xGMI speed can be lowered, lane width can be reduced from x16 to x8 (or x2), or an xGMI link can be disabled if power consumption is too high.
The default value for this option on Milan platforms is "Auto" which corresponds to "32Gbps". On platforms that support higher speeds, it can be raised to increase performance on workloads that benefit from higher cross-socket bandwidth at the cost of some additional power consumption.
ACPI SRAT L3 Cache as NUMA Domain:
Enable/Disable report each L3 cache as a NUMA Domain to the OS. Options available: Auto, Enabled, Disabled. Default setting is Auto.
Memory Interleaving:
Memory interleaving is a technique that CPUs use to increase the memory bandwidth available for an application. Without interleaving, consecutive memory blocks, often cache lines, are read from the same memory bank. Because of this, software that reads consecutive memory must wait for a memory transfer to complete before starting the next memory access, reducing throughput and increasing latency. By enabling memory interleaving, consecutive memory blocks are in different banks and can all contribute to the overall memory bandwidth, thus increasing throughput and lowering latency. Values for this BIOS option can be: Auto/Disabled. Current default is Auto.(Use AGESA default value. Current is Enabled.)
Determinism Control:(Default = Auto)
Auto = Use default performance determinism settings. Manual = User can set custom performance determinism settings.
Determinism Enable: (Default = Power)
Selects the determinism mode for the CPU: