SPEC CPU2017 Platform Settings for New_H3C AMD-based Systems

Operating System Tuning Parameters

ulimit -s [n | unlimited]:
Set the stack size to n kbytes, or unlimited to allow the stack size to grow without limit.
numactl --interleave=all "runspec command":
Launching a process with numactl --interleave=all sets the memory interleave policy so that memory will be allocated using round robin on nodes. When memory cannot be allocated on the current interleave target fall back to other nodes.
This control is used to define how aggressively the kernel swaps out anonymous memory relative to pagecache and other caches. Increasing the value increases the amount of swapping. The default value is 60. A value of 1 tells the kernel to only swap processes to disk if absolutely necessary. This can be set through a command like "echo 1 > /proc/sys/vm/swappiness".
Zone Reclaim:
Zone reclaim allows the reclaiming of pages from a zone if the number of free pages falls below a watermark even if other zones still have enough pages available. Reclaiming a page can be more beneficial than taking the performance penalties that are associated with allocating a page on a remote zone, especially for NUMA machines.
This setting is the absolute maximum amount of system memory that can be filled with dirty pages before everything must get committed to disk.
cpupower frequency-set:
cpupower utility is a collection of tools for power efficiency of processor. frequency-set sub-command controls settings for processor frequency. "-g [governor]" specifies a policy to select processor frequency. The performance governor statically sets frequency of the processor cores specified by "-c" option to the highest possible for maximum performance.
kernel.randomize_va_space (ASLR)
This setting can be used to control the memory address randomization mechanism (address space layout randomization) under Linux.
Possible settings:
Transparent Hugepages (THP)
THP is an abstraction layer that automates most aspects of creating, managing, and using huge pages. It is designed to hide much of the complexity in using huge pages from system administrators and developers. Huge pages increase the memory page size from 4 kilobytes to 2 megabytes. This provides significant performance advantages on systems with highly contended resources and large memory workloads. If memory utilization is too high or memory is badly fragmented which prevents hugepages being allocated, the kernel will assign smaller 4k pages instead. Most recent Linux OS releases have THP enabled by default.
THP usage is controlled by the sysfs setting /sys/kernel/mm/transparent_hugepage/enabled. Possible values: THP creation is controlled by the sysfs setting /sys/kernel/mm/transparent_hugepage/defrag. Possible values: An application that "always" requests THP often can benefit from waiting for an allocation until those huge pages can be assembled.
For more information see the Linux transparent hugepage documentation.

Firmware / BIOS / Microcode Settings

SMT Control: (Default="Enabled"):
This is CPU Symmetric Multi-Threading (SMT) function. With SMT Control enabled,each physical processor core operates as two logical processor cores. Values for this BIOS setting can be:
SVM Mode:(Default="Enabled"):
This is CPU virtualization function. With SVM enabled you'll be able to install a virtual machine on your system. Values for this BIOS setting can be:
ACPI SRAT L3 Cache As NUMA Domain: (Default="Auto"):
Each L3 Cache will be exposed as a NUMA node when enabling ACPI SRAT L3 Cache as a NUMA node. On a dual processor system, with up to 8 L3 Caches per processor, this setting will expose 16 NUMA domains. Values for this BIOS setting can be:
L1/L2 Stream HW Prefetcher: (Default="Auto"):
Most workloads will benefit from the L1 and L2 Stream Hardware prefetchers gathering data and keeping the core pipeline busy. There are however some workloads that are very random in nature and will actually obtain better overall performance by disabling one or both of the prefetchers. Values for this BIOS setting can be:
DLWM Support: (Default="Auto"):
Dynamic Link Width Management(DLWM) reduces xGMI lane width from x16 to x8 or x2 if xGMI links have limited traffic. DLWM feature is optimized to trade power between CPU core intensive workloads and I/O bandwidth intensiveworkloads. When link activity is above a threshold, DLWM will increase lane width from x8 to x16 at the cost of some delay, because the I/O die must disconnect the links, retrain them at the new speed and release the system back to functionality.Values for this BIOS setting can be:
IOMMU: (Default="Auto"):
The Input-Output Memory Management Unit(IOMMU) provides several benefits and is required when using x2APIC. Enabling the IOMMU allows devices (such as the EPYC integrated SATA controller) to present separate IRQs for each attached device instead of one IRQ for the subsystem. The IOMMU also allows operating systems to provide additional protection for DMA capable I/O devices. Values for this BIOS option can be:
ACPI_CST C1 Declaration: (Default="Auto"):
Determins whether or not to declare the C1 state to the OS.Values for this BIOS option can be:
Determinism Slider: (Default="Auto"):
This option allows for AGESA determinism to control performance. Values for this BIOS setting can be:
Global C-states Control: (Default="Disabled"):
Controls IO based C-state generation and DF C-states.Values for this BIOS setting can be:
cTDP Control: (Default="Auto"):
This option allows for user to set customized value of TDP.Values for this BIOS setting can be:
TDP is an acronym for "Thermal Design Power." TDP is the recommended target for power used when designing the cooling capacity for a server. EPYC processors are able to control this target power consumption within certain limits. This capability is referred to as "configurable TDP" or "cTDP." cTDP can be used to reduce power consumption for greater efficiency, or in some cases, increase power consumption above the default value to provide additional performance. cTDP is controlled using a BIOS option.
ModelMinimum cTDPMaximum cTDP
EPYC 7763225280
EPYC 7713225240
EPYC 7713P225240
EPYC 7643225240
EPYC 75F3225280
EPYC 7543225240
EPYC 7543P225240
EPYC 7513165200
EPYC 74F3225240
EPYC 7413165200
EPYC 7343165200
EPYC 7313155180
EPYC 7313P155180
EPYC 72F3165200
NUMA nodes per socket: (Default="Auto"):
Specifies the number of desired NUMA nodes per socket. Values for this BIOS setting can be:
APBDIS: (Default="Auto"):
Application Power Management (APM) allows the processor to provide maximum performance while remaining within the specified power delivery and removal envelope. APM dynamically monitors processor activity and generates an approximation of power consumption. If power consumption exceeds a defined power limit, a P-state limit is applied by APM hardware to reduce power consumption. APM ensures that average power consumption over a thermally significant time period remains at or below the defined power limit. Set APBDIS=1 will disable Data Fabric APM and the SOC P-state will be fixed. Values for this BIOS setting can be:
Fix Soc P-States: (Default="Auto"):
To minimize variance or trade-off memory latency versus bandwidth, algorithm performance boost (APBDIS) can be set and specific hard-fused Data Fabric (SoC) P-states forced for optimized workloads sensitive to latency or throughput.This item is available only when APBDIS is set to 1. Values for this BIOS setting can be:
Package Power Limit Control: (Default="Auto"):
This is a per Processor Power Limit value applicable for all populated processors in the system. This can be set to limit the processor power to a certain value. Values for this BIOS option can be.
Package Power Limit:
Set customize processor Package Power Limit (PPT) value to be used on all populated processors in the system.