SPEC SFS®2014_swbuild Result

Copyright © 2016-2019 Standard Performance Evaluation Corporation

Oracle Corporation SPEC SFS2014_swbuild = 240 Builds
Oracle ZFS Storage ZS3-2 Overall Response Time = 1.71 msec


Performance Graph

Product and Test Information

Oracle ZFS Storage ZS3-2
Tested byOracle Corporation
Hardware AvailableAugust 2016
Software AvailableAugust 2016
Date TestedAugust 2016
License Number6
Licensee LocationsBroomfield, CO USA

The Oracle ZFS Storage ZS3-2 is a mid-range high-performance storage system that offers enterprise-class NAS and SAN capabilities with industry-leading Oracle Database integration, in a cost-effective high-availability configuration. The Oracle ZFS Storage ZS3-2 offers simplified set up and management combined with industry-leading storage analytics and a performance-optimized platform that uses specialized Read and Write Flash caching devices. The Oracle ZFS Storage ZS3-2 can scale to 512 GB Memory, 32 CPU cores, and 1.5 PB capacity, with up to 12.8 TB of Flash Cache in a high-availability configuration. Oracle ZFS Storage Appliances deliver additional economic value bundled data services such as file- and block-level protocols including connectivity over InfiniBand, Compression, Deduplication, Thin provisioning, DTrace Analytics, Virus Scan, Snapshots, Triple Mirror, Triple Parity RAID, Phone-home, NDMP, Clustering, etc.

Solution Under Test Bill of Materials

Item NoQtyTypeVendorModel/NameDescription
12Storage ControllerOracleOracle ZFS Storage ZS3-2:controllerOracle ZFS Storage ZS3-2: controllers part #7103829 includes 1 - SAS2 PCIE 16 port HBA
232Controller MemoryOracleMemory DIMM16 GB DDR3-1600 registered DIMM (for factory installation) part #7102984
3610 Gigabit Ethernet AdapterOracleSun PCI-E Dual 10GbE FiberSun Dual 10GbE SFP+ PCIe 2.0 Low Profile adapter incorporating Intel 82599 10 Gigabit Ethernet controller and supporting pluggable SFP+ Transceivers. ROHS-5. ATO option (2 installed in Client Oracle X5-2) part #7051223
412Short Wave Pluggable TransceiverOracle10Gbps Short Wave Pluggable Transceiver (SFP+)Dual rate transceiver: SFP+ SR. Support 1 Gb/sec and 10 Gb/sec dual rate (for factory installation both ZS3-2 storage server and X5-2 client) part #2129A
56Storage Drive EnclosureOracleOracle Storage Drive Enclosure DE2-24POracle Storage Drive Enclosure DE2-24P: base chassis (for factory installation) part #7103910 Note: 4 of the DE2-24P enclosures are populated with 24 disk drives and 2 of the DE2-24p enclosures have 20 disks drives and 4 log devices
6136Disk DrivesOracleDisk Drives 300GB 10K RPM 2.5 inch SAS-2 HDD300 GB 10000 rpm 2.5 inch SAS-2 HDD (for factory installation) part #7103911
78SSD DrivesOracleSAS-2 73GB 2.5-inch SSD Write Flash Accelerator2.5 inch SAS-2 SSD write flash accelerator with evo bracket (for factory installation) part #7048983
82HBAOracleSAS-2 PCIE 6Gbs 16-port HBASAS-2 back end HBA part #7103790 (for factory installation)
912CablesOracleSAS-2 CablesSAS-2 back end cables part #7104928
101SwitchAristaArista 7124SX 10Gb Switch10Gb Ethernet Optical Switch *Note: the switch currently in not available for order from the manufacturer but is available from other vendors. Factory support for the Arista switch will continue thru 2017.
111ClientOracleOracle X5-2with factory installed memory of 128GB

Configuration Diagrams

  1. Oracle ZS3-2

Component Software

Item NoComponentTypeName and VersionDescription
1Oracle ZFS StorageStorage Controllers8.6Oracle Storage ZFS OS for storage controllers
2Oracle Solaris OSClient Node11.3Oracle Operating System on client node Solaris 11.3

Hardware Configuration and Tuning - Physical

Oracle ZS3-2 storage controllers
Parameter NameValueDescription
MTU9000Jumbo Frames setup
Oracle X5-2 Client
Parameter NameValueDescription
MTU9000Jumbo Frames setup

Hardware Configuration and Tuning Notes

Oracle ZS3-2 storage controllers 10Gb ethernet ports are set up to MTU of 9000 jumbo frames. Oracle X5-2 client is 10Gb ethernet ports are set up to MTU of 9000 jumbo frames.

Software Configuration and Tuning - Physical

Oracle X5-2 Client
Parameter NameValueDescription
vers3NFS mount option to set NFS mount version 3
rsize,wsize16384NFS mount option for data block size
forcedirectioforcedirectioNFS mount option for directio to storage server
max_buf16777216TCP max send receive buffer size
send_buf4194304TCP send buffer size
recv_buf4194304TCP receive buffer size
Oracle ZS3-2 Controllers
Parameter NameValueDescription
Database record size16KBRecord size for each filesystem of both Oracle ZS3-2 Controllers
Maximum # of server threads1000Sets up maximum number of NFS server threads used by Oracle ZS3-2 Controllers

Software Configuration and Tuning Notes

Tune the communications between Oracle X5-2 client and the Oracle ZS3-2 controllers over the 10Gb ethernet by optimizing amount of data transfer and minimum overhead. This includes setting the Oracle X5-2 clients mounts of the Oracle ZS3-2 files systems to use forcedirectio, read and write sizes to 16384, along with increasing the Oracle X5-2 client send and receive buffers sizes to 4194304.

Service SLA Notes


Storage and Filesystems

Item NoDescriptionData ProtectionStable StorageQty
1300GB SAS 10K RPM Disk DrivesRAID-10Yes136
273GB SAS-2 SSD Write Flash Accelerator Used for the ZFS Intent Log (ZIL). NoneYes8
3500GB SATA 7.2K RPM Disk Drives Oracle ZS3-2 Controllers OS disk drivesMirroredno4
4500GB SATA 7.2K RPM Disk Drives Oracle X5-2 Client OSMirroredno2
Number of Filesystems240
Total Capacity17.36TiB
Filesystem TypeZFS

Filesystem Creation Notes

Both controllers are set up with 8 storage pools total (4 storage pools per Oracle ZS3-2 controller). Each of the controller's storage pools are configured with 16 disk drives, 1 write flash accelerator (1 log device) and 1 spare disk drive. When configuring the storage pool via the administrative html interface of each ZS3-2 storage controller, at the start you will be ask to select the number of disk drives and log devices to use per tray. Select 6 drives on 2 of the trays and 5 drives on the 1 tray that has the log devices and select 1 log device. In total the number of disk drives selected is 17 and 1 log device. The system will configure the spare into the storage pool after you select the data profile. Then the storage pools are set up to mirror the data (RAID-10) across all 16 drives (Note: When configuring storage pools on the Oracle ZS3-2 controllers this is a data profile of Mirrored). The write flash accelerator in each storage pool is used for the ZFS Intent Log (ZIL). Do these step for each storage pool until there are 4 per ZS3-2 storage controller have been configured. After the storage pools are created. Each of the storage pools are configured with 30 ZFS filesystems each. Since each controller is configured with 4 storage pools and each storage pool contains 30 ZFS filesystems, in total each controller has 120 ZFS filesystems. Both of the controllers together in total have 240 ZFS filesystems. There are 2 internal mirrored system disk drives per Oracle ZS3-2 controller and are used only for the controllers core operating system. These drives are not used for data cache or storing user data.

Storage and Filesystem Notes

All filesystems on both Oracle ZS3-2 controllers are create with setting of the Database Record Size of 16KB. Which is a common practice for storage solutions with the Oracle ZS3-2 storage controllers.

Transport Configuration - Physical

Item NoTransport TypeNumber of Ports UsedNotes
110 Gigabit Ethernet12Each Oracle ZS3-2 controller has 2 Dual port 10 Gigabit Ethernet cards. Oracle X5-2 client also has 2 Dual port 10 Gigabit Ethernet cards.

Transport Configuration Notes

Each Oracle ZS3-2 uses 2 active 10Gb ports and 2 standby ports. Total Oracle ZS3-2 controllers use 4 ports active and 4 ports on standby. All ports active and standby are setup with the MTU size is set to 9000 on each of the 10 Gb ports.

The single Oracle X5-2 client uses both ports of the 2 dual port 10 Gb ethernet cards. The 4 ports used are set to MTU of 9000.

Switches - Physical

Item NoSwitch NameSwitch TypeTotal Port CountUsed Port CountNotes
1Arista 7124 10Gb Switch 10Gb Ethernet2412All ports set up to do Jumbo Frames on the Arista 7124SX 10Gb Switch

Processing Elements - Physical

Item NoQtyTypeLocationDescriptionProcessing Function
14CPUOracle ZS3-2 Storage Server2.1GHz Intel Xeon E5-2658NFS, ZFS, TCP/IP, RAID/Storage Drivers
22CPUOracle X5-2 Client2.6GHz Intel Xeon E5-2660NFS Client Solaris OS

Processing Element Notes

Each Oracle ZFS Storage ZS3-2 controller contains 2 physical processors, each with 8 processing cores.

Oracle X5-2 client contains 2 physical processors, each with 10 processing cores. Oracle X5-2 client processors SMT is set to the default settings of Solaris 11.3.

Memory - Physical

DescriptionSize in GiBNumber of InstancesNonvolatileTotal GiB
Memory for Oracle ZFS ZS3-2 Storage Controllers2562V512
Memory for Oracle X5-2 Client1281V128
Grand Total Memory Gibibytes640

Memory Notes

The Oracle ZFS Storage ZS3-2 controllers' main memory is used for the Adaptive Replacement Cache (ARC), the data cache, and operating system memory. Oracle X5-2 client memory is not used for storage or cache of the Oracle ZFS ZS3-2 storage controllers, just for the client use.

Stable Storage

The Stable Storage requirement is guaranteed by the ZFS Intent Log (ZIL) which logs writes and other filesystem changing transactions to either a write flash accelerator or a disk drive. Writes and other filesystem changing transactions are not acknowledged until the data is written to stable storage. Since this is an active-active cluster high availability system, in the event of a controller failing or power loss, the other active controller can take over for the failed controller. Since the write flash accelerators or disk drives are located in the disk shelves and can be accessed via the 4 backend SAS channels from both controllers, the remaining active controller can complete any outstanding transactions using the ZIL. In the event of power loss to both controllers, the ZIL is used after power is restored to reinstate any writes and other filesystem changes.

Solution Under Test Configuration Notes

The system under test is a Oracle ZFS Storage ZS3-2 storage controllers are setup in an active-active cluster configuration with failover capabilities.

Other Solution Notes



Please reference the configuration diagram. A single client is used for the as the benchmark load generator. The client Oracle X5-2 mounted all of the Oracle ZS3-2 storage controllers filesystems via NFSv3. The Oracle ZS3-2 storage controllers filesystems are numbered 1-240. ZS3-2a has filesystems 1-120 and ZS3-2b has filesystems 121-240 all total 240 filesystems between the 2 ZS3-2 controllers. Oracle ZS3-2 storage controller active ports, 1,2,3 and 4 are assigned separate subnets. Mount the filesystem 1 of the ZS3-2a using 10Gb ethernet port 1 then the filesystem 121 is mounted of the ZS3-2b using 10Gb ethernet port 3, then filesystem 31 is mounted of the ZS3-2a using 10Gb ethernet port 2 and then filesystem 151 is mounted of the ZS3-2b using 10Gb ethernet port 4. The next set would be filesystem 61 of the ZS3-2a using 10Gb ethernet port 1 then the filesystem 181 is mounted of the ZS3-2b using 10Gb ethernet port 3, then filesystem 91 is mounted of the ZS3-2a using 10Gb ethernet port 2 and then filesystem 211 is mounted of the ZS3-2b, using 10Gb ethernet port 4, next filesystems 2, 122, 32,and 152, and so on, until all 240 filesystems are mounted. So in effect, this will round-robin mount the filesystems to spread the load across the storage pools and the Oracle ZS3-2 controllers.

Other Notes

Oracle is a registered trademark of Oracle Corporation. Intel and Xeon are registered trademarks of the Intel Corporation in the U.S. and/or other countries. Arista is a registered trademark for Arista.

Other Report Notes


Generated on Wed Mar 13 16:51:42 2019 by SpecReport
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